DISCLAIMER:  The following unofficial case summaries are prepared by the clerk's office
                        as a courtesy to the reader. They are not part of the opinion of the court.
132592P.pdf   09/30/2014  Larry Alexander  v.  Avera St. Luke's Hospital
   U.S. Court of Appeals Case No:  13-2592
   U.S. District Court for the District of South Dakota - Aberdeen    
   [PUBLISHED] [Loken, Author, with Bright and Gruender, Circuit Judges] 
   Civil case - Employment Discrimination. Plaintiff, a doctor providing 
   pathological services to the defendant hospital, was an unprotected 
   independent contractor and not an employee for purposes of his ADA, ADEA 
   and FMLA claims, and the district court did not err in granting defendant 
   summary judgment on those claims; similarly, plaintiff was an independent 
   contractor and not an employee for purposes of his claims under the South 
   Dakota Human Rights Act. 
  
133367U.pdf   09/30/2014  Earl Freeman  v.  Chris Chiprez
   U.S. Court of Appeals Case No:  13-3367
   U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Iowa - Des Moines    
   [UNPUBLISHED] [Per Curiam - Before Murphy, Bowman and Benton, Circuit 
   Judges] 
   Civil case - Civil Rights. Summary judgment was appropriate on plaintiff's 
   excessive force claims against the individual law enforcement officer 
   defendants as they had qualified immunity because a reasonable officer in 
   their situation could reasonably believe they were at serious risk of 
   physical harm at the time they used force against plaintiff; warrantless 
   use of a GPS device in March, 2010 did not violate clearly-established law 
   and defendant Chiprez was entitled to summary judgment on the claim this 
   violated plaintiff's civil rights; since no liability attached to the 
   individuals, the City and County defendants were entitled to summary 
   judgment on plaintiff's failure to train or supervise claims. 
  
142534U.pdf   09/30/2014  Anthony Thrash  v.  Dustin McDaniel
   U.S. Court of Appeals Case No:  14-2534
   U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas - Little Rock    
   [UNPUBLISHED] [Per Curiam - Before Loken, Melly and Gruender, Circuit 
   Judges] 
   Civil Rights - Prisoner Civil Rights. Dismissal affirmed without comment.